Membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9 Versi Zextras di Ubuntu 18

Membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9 Versi Zextras di Ubuntu 18

Membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9 Versi Zextras di Ubuntu 18Membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9 Versi Zextras di Ubuntu 18 adalah solusi email, kalender, dan kolaborasi berkelas yang dapat di implementasikan pada public cloud atau private cloud. Dengan antarmuka berbasis browser yang didesain ulang, menawarkan pengalaman mengesankan paling inovatif yang tersedia saat ini, menghubungkan end user dengan informasi dan aktivitas dalam private cloud mereka. Sehingga aplikasi ini layak untuk di pakai pada perusahaan kecil, menengah, besar, sekolah, intansi dll.

Sebelum membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9, bisa mengenal lebih jelas pada artikel disini

Perbaikan apa yang ada di versi zimbra 9 dari versi sebelumnya bisa cek disini

Persiapan

Dalam membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9 berikut yang harus disiapkan, diantaranya

Langkah Membuat Mail Server dengan Zimbra 9

1.Instalasi paket yang dibutuhkan

sudo apt-get install nano wget bind9 bind9utils telnet perl ufw tar resolvconf -y

2. Atur TimeZone Ubuntu 18

timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Jakarta

3. Atur Hostname Ubuntu 18

hostnamectl set-hostname mail.saad.my.id

4. Stop dan Disable Postfix

systemctl stop postfix
systemctl disable postfix

5. Ubah Hosts Ubuntu 18

nano /etc/hosts

Masukkan IP Address Ubuntu 18 (Cek Dengan Perintah: ifconfig) IP Contoh: 111.222.333.444. Save dengan Ctrl+o

111.222.333.444 mail.saad.my.id mail

6. Konfigurasi resolv.conf

systemctl enable resolvconf
systemctl start resolvconf
cp /etc/resolv.conf /etc/resolv.conf.conf.backup
echo "search saad.my.id" >> /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/head
echo "nameserver 111.222.333.444" >> /etc/resolvconf/resolv.conf.d/head
sudo resolvconf --enable-updates
sudo resolvconf -u

Membuat DNS Server Local

7. Create zone di dns server bind

cp /etc/bind/named.conf.local /etc/bind/named.conf.local.backup
cp /etc/bind/named.conf.options /etc/bind/named.conf.options.backup
> /etc/bind/named.conf.local
sed -i '/directory*/a\        forwarders {8.8.8.8; 8.8.4.4;};' /etc/bind/named.conf.options;

ubah file /etc/bind/named.conf.local

nano /etc/bind/named.conf.local

masukan baris berikut

zone  saad.my.id {
        type master;
                file "/var/lib/bind/saad.my.id.hosts";
        allow-transfer {
                127.0.0.1;
                localnets;
                };
        };

8. Create saad.my.id.hosts

Buat file saad.my.id.hosts menggunakan text editor

vi /var/lib/bind/saad.my.id.hosts

masukan baris berikut

$ttl 3600
@      IN      SOA     mail.saad.my.id. root.mail.saad.my.id. (
                        1615364925
                        3600
                        600
                        1209600
                        3600 )
saad.my.id.       IN      NS      mail.saad.my.id.
mail.saad.my.id.  IN      A       111.222.333.444
saad.my.id.       IN      MX      10 mail

9.Restart dan enable dns server bind

systemctl restart bind9
systemctl enable bind9

10 Check lookup

nslookup mail.saad.my.id

Bila respon seperti dibawah, konfigurasi sudah benar

[[email protected] etc]# nslookup mail.saad.my.id
Server:         111.222.333.444
Address:        111.222.333.444#53

Name:   mail.saad.my.id
Address: 111.222.333.444

Download dan Install Zimbra Mail Server

Untuk dapat membuat mail server dengan zimbra, harus download terlebih dahulu software zimbra, setelah itu di install
1. Download Paket zimbra mail server

cd /opt/
wget http://download.zextras.com/zcs-9.0.0_OSE_UBUNTU18_latest-zextras.tgz

2. Ekstrak Paket

tar -zxvf zcs-9.0.0_OSE_UBUNTU18_latest-zextras.tgz
cd zcs-9.0.0_ZEXTRAS_20210811.UBUNTU18_64.20210830124150

3. Install Zimbra Mail Server

./install.sh

4. Ketik y kemudian enter

----------------------------------------------------------------------
PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THE SOFTWARE.
SYNACOR, INC. ("SYNACOR") WILL ONLY LICENSE THIS SOFTWARE TO YOU IF YOU
FIRST ACCEPT THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. BY DOWNLOADING OR INSTALLING
THE SOFTWARE, OR USING THE PRODUCT, YOU ARE CONSENTING TO BE BOUND BY
THIS AGREEMENT. IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO ALL OF THE TERMS OF THIS
AGREEMENT, THEN DO NOT DOWNLOAD, INSTALL OR USE THE PRODUCT.

License Terms for this Zimbra Collaboration Suite Software:
https://www.zimbra.com/license/zimbra-public-eula-2-6.html
----------------------------------------------------------------------



Do you agree with the terms of the software license agreement? [N] y

5. Ketik y Enter

Use Zimbra's package repository [Y] y

Ketik y atau n sesuai contoh dibawah

Select the packages to install

Install zimbra-ldap [Y] y

Install zimbra-logger [Y] y

Install zimbra-mta [Y] y

Install zimbra-dnscache [Y] n

Install zimbra-snmp [Y] y

Install zimbra-store [Y] y

Install zimbra-apache [Y] y

Install zimbra-spell [Y] y

Install zimbra-memcached [Y] y

Install zimbra-proxy [Y] y

Install zimbra-drive [Y] y

Install zimbra-imapd (BETA - for evaluation only) [N] n

Install zimbra-chat [Y] y

6. Ketik y kemudian enter

Installing:
    zimbra-core
    zimbra-ldap
    zimbra-logger
    zimbra-mta
    zimbra-snmp
    zimbra-store
    zimbra-apache
    zimbra-spell
    zimbra-memcached
    zimbra-proxy
    zimbra-drive
    zimbra-patch
    zimbra-mta-patch
    zimbra-proxy-patch
    zimbra-chat

The system will be modified.  Continue? [N] y

7. Ketik y, kemudian masukkan nama domain. (tanpa mail. di depan) ikuti contoh dibawah

DNS ERROR resolving MX for mail.saad.my.id
It is suggested that the domain name have an MX record configured in DNS
Change domain name? [Yes] y
Create domain: [mail.saad.my.id] saad.my.id

8. Ubah password admin zimbra, ketik 6 kemudian enter

Main menu

   1) Common Configuration:
   2) zimbra-ldap:                             Enabled
   3) zimbra-logger:                           Enabled
   4) zimbra-mta:                              Enabled
   5) zimbra-snmp:                             Enabled
   6) zimbra-store:                            Enabled
        +Create Admin User:                    yes
        +Admin user to create:                 [email protected]
******* +Admin Password                        UNSET
        +Anti-virus quarantine user:           [email protected]
        +Enable automated spam training:       yes
        +Spam training user:                   [email protected]
        +Non-spam(Ham) training user:          [email protected]
        +SMTP host:                            mail.saad.my.id
        +Web server HTTP port:                 8080
        +Web server HTTPS port:                8443
        +Web server mode:                      https
        +IMAP server port:                     7143
        +IMAP server SSL port:                 7993
        +POP server port:                      7110
        +POP server SSL port:                  7995
        +Use spell check server:               yes
        +Spell server URL:                     http://mail.saad.my.id:7780/aspell.php
        +Enable version update checks:         TRUE
        +Enable version update notifications:  TRUE
        +Version update notification email:    [email protected]
        +Version update source email:          [email protected]
        +Install mailstore (service webapp):   yes
        +Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes

   7) zimbra-spell:                            Enabled
   8) zimbra-proxy:                            Enabled
   9) Default Class of Service Configuration:
   s) Save config to file
   x) Expand menu
   q) Quit

Address unconfigured (**) items  (? - help) 6

ketik 4 kemudian enter

Store configuration

   1) Status:                                  Enabled
   2) Create Admin User:                       yes
   3) Admin user to create:                    [email protected]
** 4) Admin Password                           UNSET
   5) Anti-virus quarantine user:              [email protected]
   6) Enable automated spam training:          yes
   7) Spam training user:                      [email protected]
   8) Non-spam(Ham) training user:             [email protected]
   9) SMTP host:                               mail.saad.my.id
  10) Web server HTTP port:                    8080
  11) Web server HTTPS port:                   8443
  12) Web server mode:                         https
  13) IMAP server port:                        7143
  14) IMAP server SSL port:                    7993
  15) POP server port:                         7110
  16) POP server SSL port:                     7995
  17) Use spell check server:                  yes
  18) Spell server URL:                        http://mail.saad.my.id:7780/aspell.php
  19) Enable version update checks:            TRUE
  20) Enable version update notifications:     TRUE
  21) Version update notification email:       [email protected]
  22) Version update source email:             [email protected]
  23) Install mailstore (service webapp):      yes
  24) Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes

Select, or 'r' for previous menu [r] 4

Masukkan password admin (contoh: latihanzimbra)

Password for [email protected] (min 6 characters): [4PYWgeH2] latihanzimbra

9. Ketik r kemudian enter

Store configuration

   1) Status:                                  Enabled
   2) Create Admin User:                       yes
   3) Admin user to create:                    [email protected]
   4) Admin Password                           set
   5) Anti-virus quarantine user:              [email protected]
   6) Enable automated spam training:          yes
   7) Spam training user:                      [email protected]
   8) Non-spam(Ham) training user:             [email protected]
   9) SMTP host:                               mail.saad.my.id
  10) Web server HTTP port:                    8080
  11) Web server HTTPS port:                   8443
  12) Web server mode:                         https
  13) IMAP server port:                        7143
  14) IMAP server SSL port:                    7993
  15) POP server port:                         7110
  16) POP server SSL port:                     7995
  17) Use spell check server:                  yes
  18) Spell server URL:                        http://mail.saad.my.id:7780/aspell.php
  19) Enable version update checks:            TRUE
  20) Enable version update notifications:     TRUE
  21) Version update notification email:       [email protected]
  22) Version update source email:             [email protected]
  23) Install mailstore (service webapp):      yes
  24) Install UI (zimbra,zimbraAdmin webapps): yes

Select, or 'r' for previous menu [r] r

10. Ikutin sesuai petunjuk dibawah

Main menu

   1) Common Configuration:
   2) zimbra-ldap:                             Enabled
   3) zimbra-logger:                           Enabled
   4) zimbra-mta:                              Enabled
   5) zimbra-snmp:                             Enabled
   6) zimbra-store:                            Enabled
   7) zimbra-spell:                            Enabled
   8) zimbra-proxy:                            Enabled
   9) Default Class of Service Configuration:
   s) Save config to file
   x) Expand menu
   q) Quit

*** CONFIGURATION COMPLETE - press 'a' to apply
Select from menu, or press 'a' to apply config (? - help) a
Save configuration data to a file? [Yes] y
Save config in file: [/opt/zimbra/config.24171]
Saving config in /opt/zimbra/config.24171...done.
The system will be modified - continue? [No] y

11. Ketik n kemudian enter

You have the option of notifying Zimbra of your installation.
This helps us to track the uptake of the Zimbra Collaboration Server.
The only information that will be transmitted is:
        The VERSION of zcs installed (9.0.0_ZEXTRAS.e41af5bae02dd6e1ee964342d6efb01fdeb09927_202007113_UBUNTU18_64)
        The ADMIN EMAIL ADDRESS created ([email protected])

Notify Zimbra of your installation? [Yes] n

12. Tekan Enter

Moving /tmp/zmsetup.20200729-224412.log to /opt/zimbra/log


Configuration complete - press return to exit

13. Jalankan firewall

sudo ufw enable

14. Masukkan perintah berikut untuk membuka port akses zimbra, copy+paste kemudian enter

sudo ufw default deny incoming
sudo ufw default allow outgoing
sudo ufw allow 25/tcp
sudo ufw allow 80/tcp
sudo ufw allow 110/tcp
sudo ufw allow 143/tcp
sudo ufw allow 443/tcp
sudo ufw allow 465/tcp
sudo ufw allow 587/tcp
sudo ufw allow 993/tcp
sudo ufw allow 995/tcp
sudo ufw allow 3443/tcp
sudo ufw allow 5222/tcp
sudo ufw allow 5223/tcp
sudo ufw allow 9071/tcp
sudo ufw allow 8443/tcp
sudo ufw allow 7071/tcp
sudo ufw allow 53/tcp
sudo ufw allow 53/udp

Setting Reputasi Mail Server (MX, A, SPF, DKIM, DMARC, rDNS)

Konfigurasi pada DNS Public, cek lokasi dns disini masukkan nama domain.
MX Record

Mail Server: mail.saad.my.id
Preference/priority: 10

A Record

mail.saad.my.id      IN   A      111.222.333.444

SPF Record

saad.my.id         IN    TXT     v=spf1 a mx ip4:111.222.333.444 include:mail.saad.my.id -all

DKIM

su - zimbra
/opt/zimbra/libexec/zmdkimkeyutil -q -d saad.my.id
/opt/zimbra/libexec/zmdkimkeyutil -a -d saad.my.id -s mail

Lakukkan point 3 pada artikel berikut Check valid DKIM/DomainKeys

DMARC

_dmarc.saad.my.id   IN   TXT   v=DMARC1; p=none; rua=mailto:[email protected]

rDNS
Ajukan pada penyedia IP Public, arahkan 111.222.333.444 ke mail.saad.my.id

“Mudah bukan membuat mail server dengan zimbra. Namun masih banyak langkah-langkah konfigurasi yang harus diterapkan sampai zimbra benar-benar siap masuk dalam tahap server production”.
Selamat Mencoba…

Tertarik menggunakan zimbra??
“Bila membutuhkan layanan implementasi, VPS, Maintenance Bulanan, dan SSL untuk dapat membuat mail server dengan zimbra dapat menghubungi kami melalui WhatsApp atau pada contact

Berikut layanan yang ada di saadwebid terkait zimbra
Layanan Jasa Maintenance Zimbra
Layanan Jasa Migrasi Zimbra Mail Server
VPS/Cloud Zimbra
SSL Zimbra Mail Server
SMTP Relay
Layanan Antivirus, Antispam dan Antimalware

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